Betula alba

European White Birch
Category: .
Plant Type

Tree

Evergreen-Deciduous

Deciduous

Overall Mature Size

Medium

Mature Height & Spread

30-40′ x 15-20

Exposure

Full sun

Water

Medium Water

Flower Color

Green

Bloom Time

Spring

Special Features

Attractive Bark, Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Desert Conditions, Fall Color

Container Sizes

#5, #15, 24″ Box

Natural Growth Habit

Weeping, Upright

Sunset Garden Zones

1-12, 14-24

Minimum USDA Hardiness Zone

2

Betula alba is a medium-sized deciduous tree typically reaching 15–25 m tall with a slender trunk or trunks usually under 40 cm diameter (exceptionally to 1 m diameter) and a crown of arched branches with drooping branchlets. The bark is white often with black diamond-shaped marks or larger patches particularly at the base. The shoots are rough with small warts and hairless and the leaves 3–7 cm long triangular with a broad base and pointed tip and coarsely double-toothed serrated margins. The flowers are wind-pollinated produced before the leaves in early spring the small (1–2 mm) winged seeds ripening in late summer on pendulous cylindrical catkins 2–4 cm long and 7 mm broad.

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