Pinus Nigra

Austrian Pine
Category: .
Plant Type




Overall Mature Size


Mature Height & Spread

40-60′ x 20-30′


Full sun


Medium, Low Water

Special Features

Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Deer Resistant

Container Sizes

#5, #15

Natural Growth Habit


Sunset Garden Zones

2-10, 14-21

Minimum USDA Hardiness Zone


Pinus Nigra is commonly known as Austrian Pine or European Black Pine.  It grows best in deep moist well-drained soils in full sun. Pinus Nigra tolerates drought conditions once it is established. Another positive attribute is that it also tolerates clay soils a common problem in many Southern California gardens.  Pinus Nigra is usually tolerant of most urban garden conditions.

Austrian Pine is a medium to large size pine.  Pinus Nigra slowly grows up to 40 to 60 feet tall with a pyramidal shape.  The upper tree crown rounds out and spreads as the tree ages.  Older trees are usually quite attractive with dense branching.  Austrian Pine has many uses: as a specimen tree to screen a particular or as a windbreak that can be effective against Santa Ana Winds.

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